This pamphlet recounts the 4th of July ceremony at Auburn Prison in 1879, where former Governor Horatio Seymour gave a speech as an honored guest. Both the description of the event and the transcription of his speech highlight the intense patriotic spirit connected with the penitentiary just over a century after the United States Declaration of Independence. What a strange hybrid of freedom and confinement, independence and control, this document embodies! Prison reform and the penitentiary itself had become deeply woven into the national fabric.
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