19th Century Prison Reform Collection

Further Reading

More from the Cornell Archives

  • American Association for Labor Legislation Records. 5001. Kheel Center for Labor- Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.
  • British Prison Reform Items, #8037. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
  • National Committee on Prisons and Prison Labor Pamphlets and Leaflets. 5966. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.
  • Prison Association of New York. Report of Special Committee to the Prison Association of New York on Convict Labor. New York: N.p., 1885. [in Kroch Libraries Rare and Manuscript Collections]

Other Digital Archives and Podcasts

The Pennsylvania System

  • Bache, Franklin. Observations and Reflections on the Penitentiary System: A Letter from Franklin Bache. Philadelphia: Jesper Harding,1829, https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.32044054999487;view=1up;seq=5. (Primary Source)
  • Blake, Alexander V. Prison Discipline: The Auburn and Pennsylvania Systems Compared. New York: Craighead & Allen, 1839, http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/Lieber_Collection/pdf/Prison-Discipline.pdf. (Primary Source)
  • Meranze, Michael. Laboratories of Virtue: Punishment, Revolution, and Authority in Philadelphia, 1760–1834. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996. (Secondary Source)
  • Penrose, Charles B. Report of the joint committee of the legislature of Pennsylvania, relative to the Eastern State Penitentiary. Harrisburg: Welsh & Patterson, 1834, https://archive.org/details/reportofjointcom00penn_8. (Primary Source)
  • Sheehan, Glenn W., “Eastern State Penitentiary: A Study in ‘Progressive’ Penology,” Archaeology, 45, 1992, 44–47. (Secondary Source) Teeters, Negley K. “The Pennsylvania Prison Society: A Century and a Half of Penal Reform,” Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 28, 1938, 374–79. (Secondary Source)
  • ——. They Were in Prison: A History of the Pennsylvania Prison Society, 1787–1937. Philadelphia: John C. Winston Company, 1937. (Secondary Source)

Prisons and Slavery in the South

  • Ayers, Edward L. Vengeance and Justice: Crime and Punishment in the 19th Century American South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.
  • Blackmon, Douglas A. Slavery by Another Name: the Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II. 1st Anchor Books ed. New York: Anchor Books, 2009.
  • Hartman, Saidiya V. Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
  • Hindus, Michael Stephen. Prison and Plantation: Crime, Justice, and Authority in Massachusetts and South Carolina, 1767-1878. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980.

Autobiography of an Auburn Prisoner

  • Reed, Austin. The Life and the Adventures of a Haunted Convict. Ed. Caleb Smith. First edition. New York: Random House, 2016.